Великобудищанська спеціалізована школа І-ІІІ ступенів Гадяцької районної ради Полтавської області

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10 клас

Урок №

Тема: «Науковий і технічний прогрес. Винахідники і винаходи.»

Мета уроку:

практична: тренувати учнів в діалогічному та монологічному мовленні; навчати учнів спілкуватись на тему уроку; вчити застосовувати свої знання із спецпредметів для підготовки до уроку з англійської мови;

виховна: виховувати почуття товариськості та відповідальності за результати спільної роботи; виховувати свідоме ставлення до навчання; викликати бажання досконаліше вивчати англійську мову та володіти нею;

освітня: підвищувати рівень загальної мовної  культури висловлювання думок англійською мовою; сприяти розширенню світогляду учнів; сприяти підвищенню їхньої загальної культури;

розвиваюча: розвивати в учнів увагу, мовну здогадку; тренувати пам'ять в учнів та вчити їх творчо виконувати завдання; розвивати пізнавальні здібності учнів.

Тип уроку:  комбінований.

Вид уроку:  урок – дослідження.

Обладнання уроку: комп’ютери, інтерактивна дошка, словник до уроку, завдання самостійної роботи, завдання для роботи в групах.

Хід уроку

І. Організаційна частина

1. Greetings

T: Good morning, students. I’m happy to be here today. How are you today?

Ps: Good morning. We are happy, too. We are all right.

T: That’s nice. Sit down, please.

2. Warming up

Let’s play a little game to get our brains ready for the lesson.

I’ll read you some statements about famous inventions and inventors and your task is to tell me if they are true or false. You will have to clap your hands once for a correct statement and twice for a wrong one.

Are you ready? Let’s begin.

The first airplane was built in America.

The Maya didn’t know about the wheel.

The first astronaut was Neil Armstrong.

The World Wide Web was developed in Ukraine.

Compass was invented in China.

The first printed book in Europe was the Bible.

ІІ. Основна частина уроку

1. Aim of the lesson

Thank you for your work. Now, let’s move on. Today, as you have guessed already, we are going to speak about inventors and inventions and their role in the present-day world. We’ll get acquainted with some inventors and the inventions they have done, we’ll do some exercises to improve your speaking, writing and reading skills.

I hope, the tasks won’t be very difficult and together we’ll get the main goal of the lesson and have a good time.

2. Pronunciation drill

And we’ll start our work from learning of the new words and words combinations we’ll need to reach the goal of the lesson. In front of you there are sheets of paper which have them all. Please, look them through and then we’ll try to use them in sentences.

3. Reading and Speaking

Thank you. It’s time now to develop your skills in reading. In front of you you have some little texts about some of the inventors and their inventions. During the next 5 minutes you’ll have to read the information and then introduce your inventor to the rest of the class. Also there are portraits of these inventors and you’ll show them to your classmates during your reports.

So, if your are ready, let’s begin.

1. Ladislao Biro, a Hungarian artist who emigrated to Argentina. In about 1943 he invented the ball-point pen or biro.

2. John Bowler, a London hatter who designed the hard round hat known as the bowler in about 1850. It has become the symbol of British male respectability. And you can still see businessmen wearing bowlers in the City, the centre of London commerce.

3. Louis Braille, born at Couvray, France. He became blind as a child. In 1824 he developed his own alphabet patterns known as Braille by which the blind could read by touch.

4. Samuel Colt, an American gunsmith, in 1836 designed and patented a pistol with revolving barrel that could fire six bullets, one after the other. The Colt was the first of its kind. Many “six-shooters” came later.

5. Rudolf Diesel, a German engineer who invented the diesel engine in 1897 and so began a transport revolution in cars, lorries and trains.

6. Hans Wilhelm Geiger, a German nuclear physicist, from 1906 till 1909 designed a counter for detecting radioactivity. This was the beginning of modern Geiger counters.

7. Charles Mackintosh, a Manchester textile chemist who, in 1823, developed a rubber solution for coating fabrics which led to the production of waterproof raincoats or mackintoshes.

8. Samuel Finley Breeze Morse. An American portrait painter who invented the telegraphic dot-dash alphabet known as Morse code.

9. Louis Pasteur, a Frenchman who was both a chemist and a biologist. Pasteurisation is a method of sterilizing milk by heating it.

10. Charles Rolls, a car salesman who with the engineer Henry Royce created the world famous Rolls-Royce car. Rolls died in 1910.

4. Listening and Writing

But are these the only inventors in the history? Of course, not. There are many of them, and I’d like you to learn about them. I’ll read you some patterns and your task will be to write down the invention which was done by the person I read about.

1. Alexander Graham Bell, an American inventor who in 1876 patented the first practical telephone. But till the end of his life he refused to have a telephone in his study.

2. Benjamin Franklin is an American politician, author, printer and inventor. He became well-known thanks to the invention of the lightning rod, bifocals and the Franklin stove.

3. King Camp Gillette, an American businessman, who invented the best selling safety razor. He was the first to start selling blades separately from the razor itself.

4. Thomas Alva Edison, an American inventor who introduced phonograph, the motion picture camera and, the most famous, light bulb.

Now, let’s check what you have written.

I think, you’re a little bit tired. On the blackboard you can see a chart. There the names of inventions we have been speaking about are hidden. Let’s try to find them out. Please, come to the chart if you see the word and mark it.

5. Writing

It is said that necessity is the mother of invention. This means that with the course of time people improved their life and the they needed more and more things for the well-fare and comfort. Let’s imagine that 35 years have passed and it is 2050 outside. In your books there is exercise 12 on page 120. There you are asked to fill in the gaps in the letter from a student of 2050. Let’s restore the letter and let’s discuss the contents of it.

ІІІ. Заключна частина уроку

1. Homework

2. Summarizing

T: The lesson is almost over. Let’s summarize what we have learnt. On the blackboard you can see a mind-map. Let’s write down the ideas we have learnt during this lesson and let’s try to memorize them.

Thank you very much. The lesson is over. Have a nice day.

11 клас

ТЕМА. Життя суспільства. Шлюб і родина

МЕТА. Вивчення проблеми створення родини та відповідальності людей один перед одним. Формувати у одинадцятикласників відповідальне ставлення до прийнятих рішень, взаємоповагу та інтерес до справ своїх друзів та оточуючих. Розвивати мовні навички учнів. Виховувати уважність та повагу до оточуючих, сприймати почуття оточуючих і відповідно ставитись до них.

ОБЛАДНАННЯ. Малюнки із зображенням родини, художні твори про родину та шлюб.


  1. Організаційна частина

Good morning, pupils. I’m glad to see you very much. Take your sits, please.

On this lesson we’ll speak about one of the first and the most important steps in every person’s life – about marriage and family. I hope that in the end of our lesson you’ll agree that everyone has to think properly about the responsibility, which arises before a couple who have decided to create a new family. Also we’ll try to find out what are the conditions of a successful marriage and what are the terms which may keep it for a long time.

  1. Підготовка до сприйняття нового матеріалу

All of you have read a lot of stories and tales about people’s life on your World Literature lessons. And I’m sure some of them were about love, marriage and family life.

Let’s remember some of these stories. Now I’m going to read you one of such the stories and your task we’ll be to listen to me and try to remember the result of it as it won’t be ended. On the blackboard you can see the names of the main characters of this story and some of the word you may have forgotten.

So, if everybody’s ready, I start reading.

One dollar and eighty-seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Pennies saved one and two at a time when buying sugar, vegetables or meat. Three times Delia counted it. One dollar and eighty-seven cents. And the next day would be Christmas.

    There was clearly nothing left to do but fall down on the shabby little sofa and cry. So Delia did it. Which suggests that life is made up of sobs, sighs, and smiles, with sighs predominating.

    While the mistress of the home is gradually passing from the first stage to the second, take a look at the home. A furnished flat at 8 dollars a week. It was not exactly a crying beggary, but it certainly was a silent poverty.

    Delia finished her cry. She stood by the window and looked out dully at a grey cat walking on a grey fence in a grey yard. Tomorrow would be Christmas Day, and she had only one dollar and eighty-seven cents with which to buy Jim a present. She had been saving every penny she could for months, with this result. Twenty dollars a week doesn't go far. Expenses had been greater than she had calculated. They always are. Only one dollar and eighty-seven cents to buy a present for Jim. Her Jim. Many a happy hour she had spent planning for something nice for him. Something fine and rare — something just a little bit worthy of the honour of being owned by Jim.

    Suddenly she went away from the window to the mirror which hung between the windows. Her eyes were shining brilliantly, but her face had lost its colour within twenty seconds. Quickly she pulled down her hair and let it fall to its full length.

    Now I must tell you that the James Dillingham Young had two possessions in which they both took a mighty pride. One was Jim's gold watch that had been his father's and his grandfather's. The other was Delia's hair.

    So now Delia's beautiful hair fell about her like a cascade of brown waters. It reached below her knee and made itself almost a coat for her. And then she did it up again nervously and quickly. For a minute she stood still while a tear or two fell on the worn red carpet.

She put on her old brown jacket, and she put on her old brown hat and with the brilliant sparkle still in her eyes, she hurried out of the door and down the stairs to the street.

  1. Шлюб та родина

As you see Jim and Delia were the persons who tried to overcome all the difficulties that stand on the way to their happiness. But did you remember what was the title of the story and who was the author of it?

Pupil 1. Yes, we did. The story was under the title "The Gift of the Magi” and its author was O. Henry.

Thank you, that’s the correct answer. And now, who can tell me, what was the end of the story?

Pupil 2. At the end of the story Delia has sold the hair of hers to buy Jim a golden chain for his watch. She hoped that it would be the best present for her husband.

Pupil 3. And Jim on his turn sold his golden watch in order to buy Delia a hairbrush. He knew that his wife was very proud of her hair and he liked to watch her sitting at the lamp and brushing it.

Pupil 4. So, this way the both presents was useless to them. But they did suffer it very much. Jim and Delia were happy to have each other and they just enjoyed the attention they showed to each other.

As we see from this little story people may be happy even if they are rather poor. But they may be very unhappy as well, even if they have millions in the bank.

Let’s try to find out what are the conditions of the successful and happy marriage.

 4. Що так бути чоловіком чи дружиною

Ok, theses are the reasons which may help your to create a happy family. But every person consists of at least two people – of a husband and a wife. I would like you to think over this question for about 5 minutes and then we’ll have a little discussion on the question "What is it – to be a husband or a wife”.

  1. Підсумок уроку

I’m very glad that you realise that people should be responsible for each other and your own family will be very strong and you will have every of the conditions you have pointed in our lesson. If you will fulfil the requests you have spoken about you will create a good and successful family.

  1. Домашнє завдання

For the next lesson you will have to prepare a composition in which you show the ideas of yours about the family you think to be happy and point put the reasons of such idea of yours.

Now the lesson is over. Have a nice day.




ТЕМА. Професії. Моя майбутня професія

МЕТА. Вивчення нової лексики до теми „Професії”, ознайомлення з видами професій. Розвивати лексичний запас учнів та їх мовні навички. Виховувати любов до праці та усвідомлення її необхідності на користь як самій людині, так і суспільству, в якому вона проживає

ОБЛАДНАННЯ. Таблиці та малюнки із зображенням різних видів професій та діяльності людини.



1. Організаційна частина.

Good morning, pupils. Take your sits, please.

Tell me, please, who is absent today?

Pupil 1. All are present today (… is/are absent today)

Thank you very much. Sit down, please.

2. Підготовка до сприйняття нового матеріалу.


On this lesson we’ll start peaking over a new topic which is called "Occupations, professions and trades”. Speaking on this topic we’ll learn lots of new words and have several texts to read. Also we’ll have several lessons of discussion where you’ll have to prepare some reports about your own ideas about work and working. Over this topic we’ll work for the next 8 lessons. On the 8th lesson you’ll have a control work which will be the observation of your knowledge on this topic.

But on this lesson we only begin our work on this topic and today you’ll have to learn some new words and word-combinations which will be very useful for on the next lessons of our.

3. Введення нової лексики.


In your books and on the blackboard you can see some new words which are the very fit for today’s our lesson. Let’s try to read all of them and remember their pronunciation.

dress-maker – кравчиня

baker – пекар

electrician – електрик

fitter – монтер, слюсар"

radio-assembler – радіомонтажник

technician – технік

turner – токар

geologist – геолог

agronomist – агроном

accountant – бухгалтер

adjusterмонтажник, складальник

weaverткач, ткаля


musician1) музикант; 2) композитор


publishing  houseвидавництво

careerкар'єра, професія

to make a career – зробити кар'єру

the beginning of the career – початок кар'єри

to become  a geologist (mechanician,  teacher) – стати геологом (механіком, учителем)

to be able for languagesбути здібним до мов

to head a technology bureau – очолити тех­нічний відділ

on boardна борту, на кораблі; у літаку


farmingхліборобство; заняття сільським го­сподарством

4. Моя майбутня професія.


From these words you can see that there are lots of professions in the world. Some of the words were new for you and some of them you already know. But there exist lots of different kinds of work and each of them has their peculiarities. Let’s open our books on page 21, exercise 65 and read the text which is under the title "Occupations, professions and trades”.

    An occupation is an activity of any kind for which a person has the necessary qualification and train­ing. If you have to fill in an official form in Britain you will usually find the reading "Occupation", and if you are interviewed by an official he may ask you: "What's your occupation?" If he already has a general idea of the kind of work you do - whether you are a professional worker, a technician, a skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled manual worker - he may ask more specifically: "What's your profession?", "What's your trade?" or "What's your job?" In ordinary everyday conversation, a person who wants to know some­one's occupation will simply ask: "What's your job?", "What do you do for a living?", "What's Mr. Jones?", "What does Steve do?"

    There are three main groups of occupations: profes­sions, trades, jobs.

    Traditionally, profession is an occupation which re­quires mainly intellectual work and long a period of higher education at a university or an academy. Thus, we speak of the medical profession, the teaching profession, the profession of an engineer and so on.

    A trade is an occupation which demands a high level of manual skill and a certain period of practical and theoreti­cal training. Mechanics, electricians, fitters, turners, tailors, weavers, hairdressers, etc. have learned a trade.

Many occupations are neither trades nor professions. We often call these occupations "jobs". In this sense, the term job includes both unskilled and semi-skilled manual occupations on the one hand and occupations which re­quire considerable knowledge and mental skills on the other hand. The dividing lines between trades, jobs and professions are by no means always clear.

From this little text you can see that before to start looking for a job you have to choose what you are going to do and what you have to learn to get certain job.

Now, tell me please, what we have to do to get a good job?

Pupil 1. I think that for the beginning we should decide what we want to do in our life. I’m quite sure that every job people do should be pleasant and bring them happiness and comfort. Only on this condition work won’t be difficult.

Pupil 2. But I think that before to apply for any job we have to decide if we are fit to it. I mean that if we have enough knowledge to do it and if it is useful for people.

Pupil 3. And as for me it is very important to decide what we want to do early at school and according to this decision to behave in life.

Teacher. And what will you call "a good job”?

Pupil 4. As for me, it is the job that is very important for the man or a woman who does it. If we do something without pleasure, it won’t be good for us.

Teacher. But if we cannot allow us to have a job we want? How would behave in this situation?

Pupil 5. In this case I would take what I can, but all the time I would look for something better to fit my desires.

Pupil 6. And sometimes the job you have got for a little time to earn some money may become real pleasure to us and we won’t change it for something else.

Teacher. Ok, thank you for these discussion of yours. Of course we would go on with it, but we are very short of time now. And that’s why I have to stop it now.

5. Домашнє завдання.


On the next lesson we’ll continue speaking about your future profession and that’s why your home task will be very simple: you’ll have to learn the words and word-combinations of exercise 81 on page 25.

So, the lesson is over. Good-bye.



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